Migraine Headache

What is Migraine Headache

Migraine headache is a very strong throbbing pain on one side or both sides of your head. Migraines can also cause other symptoms. Talk with your doctor about what things may bring on (trigger) your migraine headaches.

Follow these instructions at home:


  • Take over-the-counter and prescription medicines only as told by your doctor.
  • Do not drive or use heavy machinery while taking prescription pain medicine.
  • To prevent or treat constipation while you are taking prescription pain medicine, your doctor may recommend that you:
    • Drink enough fluid to keep your pee (urine) clear or pale yellow.
    • Take over-the-counter or prescription medicines.
    • Eat foods that are high in fiber. These include fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and beans.
    • Limit foods that are high in fat and processed sugars. These include fried and sweet foods.


  • Avoid alcohol.
  • Do not use any products that contain nicotine or tobacco, such as cigarettes and e-cigarettes. If you need help quitting, ask your doctor.
  • Get at least 8 hours of sleep every night.
  • Limit your stress.

General instructions

  • Keep a journal to find out what may bring on your migraines. For example, write down:
    • What you eat and drink.
    • How much sleep you get.
    • Any change in what you eat or drink.
    • Any change in your medicines.
  • If you have a migraine:
    • Avoid things that make your symptoms worse, such as bright lights.
    • It may help to lie down in a dark, quiet room.
    • Do not drive or use heavy machinery.
    • Ask your doctor what activities are safe for you.
  • Keep all follow-up visits as told by your doctor. This is important.

Contact a doctor if:

  • You get a migraine that is different or worse than your usual migraines.

Get help right away if:

  • Your migraine gets very bad.
  • You have a fever.
  • You have a stiff neck.
  • You have trouble seeing.
  • Your muscles feel weak or like you cannot control them.
  • You start to lose your balance a lot.
  • You start to have trouble walking.
  • You pass out (faint).

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