Ischemic bowel disease

Ischemic bowel disease

Ischemic bowel disease is caused by tissue hypoxia and ischemic injury of the small or large intestine as a result of a persistent decrease in mesenteric blood flow, decreased oxygen content of red blood cells, or mesenteric venous stasis.

Ischemic bowel disease can manifest in numerous ways, such as acute or chronic midabdominal pain (meal-induced), vomiting, sitophobia (fear of eating), weight loss, diarrhea, ileus, gastrointestinal bleeding, intestinal infarction, peritonitis, or fibrotic strictures.

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