What is burning mouth syndrome?
Patients with this disorder present with either burning or hypersensitivity of the tongue.
Others may have burning of the palate, gingiva, cheek, i.e., the soft tissues of the oral cavity.
The most common presentation is burning and hypersensitivity of the tongue. The tongue may become smooth from atrophy of the papillae and taste may be affected. Patients often present to a dentist.
Oral candidiasis, vitamin deficiencies, or chronic gingivitis must be ruled out. Typically, these diagnoses are excluded readily.